Frequent question: What does it mean if my baby has a small head circumference?

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When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?

The simple definition of the word macrocephaly is “large head.” Doctors apply that diagnosis when a baby’s head size is in the 98th percentile. This means that the baby’s head is bigger than 98% percent of other babies of the same age. Sometimes, doctors detect macrocephaly during an ultrasound before the baby is born.

Should I be concerned if my baby’s head is small?

Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.

Is small head circumference normal?

Microcephaly facts*

Microcephaly is a condition where the head (circumference) is smaller than normal. Microcephaly may be caused by genetic abnormalities or by drugs, alcohol, certain viruses, and toxins that are exposed to the fetus during pregnancy and damage the developing brain tissue.

Can babies have small heads normal?

Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.

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Does small head mean small brain?

Even though head size also depends on factors such as the muscularity of the head and thickness of the bone, it’s very likely that a bigger head means a bigger brain. But Hurlburt says people with bigger brains aren’t necessarily smarter than those with smaller ones.

Is Macrocephaly a disability?

Macrocephaly-developmental delay syndrome is a rare, intellectual disability syndrome characterized by macrocephaly, mild dysmorphic features (frontal bossing, long face, hooded eye lids with small, downslanting palpebral fissures, broad nasal bridge, and prominent chin), global neurodevelopmental delay, behavioral …

How early can microcephaly be detected on ultrasound?

Although microcephaly and intracranial calcifications are typically detected during ultrasounds in the late second and early third trimester of pregnancy, these findings might be detected as early as 18-20 weeks gestation.

Does head circumference correlate with IQ?

At 8 years, head circumference at birth was no longer associated with IQ, but head growth during infancy remained a significant predictor, with full-scale IQ increasing an average of 1.56 points for each 1-SD increase in growth.

What is the normal percentile for head circumference?

A percentile of 50% represents the average or mean head circumference. A value below 50 percent means a baby’s head circumference is less than the average. A value greater than 50 percent means a baby’s head circumference is above average.

What is abnormal head circumference?

Macrocephaly refers to an overly large head. It’s often a symptom of complications or conditions in the brain. There’s a standard used to define macrocephaly: The circumference of a person’s head is more than two standard deviations above average for their age. Or, their head is larger than the 98th percentile.

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How much should a baby’s head circumference grow?

From birth to 3 months of age the average increase in your baby’s head circumference is usually 2 cm or . 78 inches each month. From 4 to 6 months of age, the head circumference or head growth slows to about 1 cm per month.