How do I know if my baby has listeria?

What happens if your baby gets listeria?

Babies born with listeriosis may have serious infections of the blood or brain. Listeriosis can cause lifelong health problems for your baby, including intellectual disability, paralysis, seizures, blindness, or problems with the brain, kidneys, or heart. Listeriosis also can cause death in newborns.

How common is listeria in babies?

Some foods are riskier than others – the riskiest are those eaten raw or inadequately cooked. Listeriosis the name of the infection caused by listeria. It is rare, but potentially serious, especially for a fetus or newborn.

How does a baby get listeria?

Fetuses become infected if Listeria monocytogenes crosses the placenta (the organ that provides nourishment to the fetus) during pregnancy. Newborns may become infected during or after delivery.

Can your baby get listeria without you knowing?

Most of the time, pregnant women who are infected with listeriosis don’t feel sick. However, they can pass the infection to their unborn babies without even knowing it. That’s why prevention of listeriosis is very important.

How do you check for Listeria?

A blood test is often the most effective way to determine whether you have a listeria infection. In some cases, samples of urine or spinal fluid will be tested as well.

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How soon do Listeria symptoms appear?

People with invasive listeriosis usually report symptoms starting 1 to 4 weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria; some people have reported symptoms starting as late as 70 days after exposure or as early as the same day of exposure.

Does listeriosis go away on its own?

The illness is usually mild and goes away on its own. The diarrhea can last up to 5 days. The elderly and people with weakened immune systems have a higher risk of getting a more severe form of listeriosis, including: Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)

Do we really need to worry about listeria in newborn infants?

Yes, L. monocytogenes infection in neonates is a serious concern. Although not common, in many countries it is still recognized as a cause of severe neona- tal infection. It is also indistinguishable at presentation from other causes of neonatal sepsis and is a particularly important cause of meningitis.

What are the symptoms of listeriosis?

The symptoms vary with the infected person:

  • Higher-risk people other than pregnant women: Symptoms can include fever, muscle aches, headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, and convulsions.
  • Pregnant women: Pregnant women typically experience only fever, and other non-specific symptoms like chills and headache.

How likely is it to get listeria?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are approximately 1,600 cases of listeriosis in the United States each year. But only about one in seven cases—or about 200 cases per year—occur in pregnant women, out of nearly 4 million pregnancies every year.

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What foods contain Listeria?

Listeria

  • Unpasteurized (raw) milk and dairy products.
  • Soft cheese made with unpasteurized milk, such as queso fresco, feta, Brie, Camembert.
  • Raw fruits and vegetables (such as sprouts).
  • Ready-to-eat deli meats and hot dogs.
  • Refrigerated pâtés or meat spreads.
  • Refrigerated smoked seafood.